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LDAA strives to provide resources for individuals with learning disabilities throughout Arkansas.  We are continuing to update this section.  If you want additional information on a certain topic, please email us.

Central Arkansas Diagnostic Testing Referral List

 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

ADHD is a neurobehavioral condition which displays a lifelong, persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development across time and settings. ADHD has no cure.  

Signs/Symptoms:

  • Inattention: off task behaviors, difficulty sustaining focus and disorganized
  • Hyperactivity: restlessness, excessively fidgets, taps and talks
  • Impulsivity: act without thinking, excessively interrupts, does not consider consequences of actions

There are three subtypes of ADHD recognized by professionals. These are the predominantly hyperactive/impulsive type (that does not show significant inattention); the predominantly inattentive type (that does not show significant hyperactive-impulsive behavior) sometimes called ADD; and the combined type (that displays both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms).

 Statistics:

  • In a class of 24-30 students, at least one will have ADHD.
  • Approximately 5% of adults have ADHD.
  • ADHD occurs in both men and women.
  • ADHS persists throughout a person’s lifespan.

 What it’s not:

ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability. It can be determined to be a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making a student eligible to receive special education services. However, ADHD falls under the category ‘Other Health Impaired’ and not under ‘Specific Learning Disabilities.’ These two conditions can interact to make learning extremely challenging.

Diagnosing ADHD:

Seek out a psychiatrist, psychologist, or psychotherapist specializing in ADHD. While a primary care physician can typically identify signs of ADHD and give a preliminary diagnosis, they may not have extensive ADHD-specific experience necessary to accurately diagnose and treat ADHD.  

Parenting Tips:

  • Establish structure and stick to it.
  • Set clear expectations.
  • Medication is not always the solution. Behavioral therapy, diet, and exercise can work as well for some kids.
  • Look for the positive! Kids with ADHD are creative, enthusiastic, spontaneous and energetic.

School Tips:

 Discuss the diagnosis with the child’s teachers, principals, and counselors and enlist their help and ideas for ways to meet the child’s unique learning needs. 

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Did You Know

Difficulty with basic reading and language skills are the most common learning disabilities. As many as 80 percent of students with learning disabilities have reading problems.